Indonesian people now face serious problems because of increasing conflict in community, vertically, and horizontally. As a nation with its abundance wealth Indonesia constitutionally protect freedom of beliefs and association by the Indonesian government, 18.018 island, 33 provinces, 378 regencies, 403 ethnics, and 300 regional languages. The variety is not only the wealth but also potency for easy conflict in Indonesia.
Since 2005-2007, Indonesian Conference on Religion and Peace (ICRP) reports that there are 150 conflicts in Indonesia in the name of religion and ethnics. Komisi Perlindungan Anak Indonesia (KPAI or Commission for Indonesian Children Protection) has noted that in 2005-2007 there are 788 cases of violence to children in sexual abuse, physical violence, psychological violence, and other forms. Disturbances among footballs supporters, attacks toward religious minority groups, political conflicts in local elections, are the sequential events been witnessing everyday in our Indonesian people. The conflicts evoke violence radicalism and terrorism. There are many victims who have lost their property and soul.
Pursuant to those realities, I think to do something, like peace education in Indonesia. When attending Community Leader Program in May 2007, I got inspiration to do peace education for student at school. Finally, after coming home to Indonesia, I did coordination with Pelangi Mizan, a big publisher in Indonesia. Before leaving to US, I have expostulated peace module concept with Irfan (General Manager of Pelangi Mizan) and Eric Lincoln (American person who lives in Bandung). I got a great opportunity, because peace module has been printed, under the title “12 Nilai Dasar Perdamaian” (12 Basic Values of Peace). Finally, I cooperate with Pelangi Mizan Publisher to do peace education program.
This program has started with Training of Trainers (ToT) at 14-15 July in Bandung. Beside to educate some trainers, ToT was conducted to promote peace education to broader society. In this event, 40 activists and teachers has been invited from various town in Indonesia, such as Aceh, Medan, Bengkulu, Jakarta, Bandung, Garut, Solo, Yogyakarta, etc. They were trained to become peace spreader.
At 26th July 2007 and 20 November 2007, we visited Nangro Aceh Darussalam for Training of Teacher. This event was hold by Samaritan’s Purse; International Non Government Organization in Medan. This NGO have the kindness to execute peace education program for 5000 students in secondary school. All participant of this training would teach peace values to their student. They attend this activity with pleasure and enthusiastic. Since them have got easy and practical method of peace education. And surely, they have been long enough hungered for peaceful life in Nangro Aceh Darussalam.
Besides becoming trainer, I also educate peace values to santri (student) of Islamic Boarding School (Pesantren), Darul Arqam Muhammadiyah in Garut-West Java. Teaching peace values in Pesantren very attractive and full of challenge, because Pesantren represent a unique and an exclusive institution. Homogenous of cultural background and religion make the character of all santri close and exclusive. They unaccustomed to face differences, especially, in the difference of religion and opinion. This condition, in fact, own potency of conflict and violence. Cause, since early they look into other religion people not as a friend. I think there are some walls among them that block pesantren with external world. After teaching peace values, finally, little by little, they view become barer. Until Now, I still teach peace education in Pesantren Darul Arqam Muhammadiyah Garut.
In peace education program, I own desire to make an even that bring into contact santri with different student in religion, tribe and race. Finally we plan an event that we called as “Breaking down The Walls” on December 2007. This even will bring into contact student of Bandung Alliance International School (BAIS) with Santri Pesantren Darul Arqam (DA). However, in this month they will get the test, finally, we carry out “Breaking down The Walls” at 6 February 2008.
This event was executed successfully. All students attend this activity with pleasure and enthusiastic. After they become acquainted with through game and ice breaking, they divided by into some group. Each group consisted of both DA and BAIS students. And then, they discuss about peace values, and prepare group presentation. In this event, we perform basket ball match, between DA students Vs BAIS students. This is not an ordinary match, because, we conduct peace campaign in front of 600 audience, before starting the match. All players break down the paper wall which wrote by assorted words such as racism, hate, war, discrimination, etc. After breaking down the walls, they changed it with banner which writes down with “Peace Generation”. Finally, this event was closed by sing together. I think this event was executed successfully, because the students got mutual understanding. From this event, they learned about how to live in diversity. And one thing which make me happy, that until now they visit each other and keep the contact.
This article has been presented by Ayi Yunus in CLP Action Plan Forum, at February 2008th in Bandung.